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How to choose the right sunscreen for your skin II

Sunscreen is one of the most essential cosmetic products one should have as it helps prevent the sun’s ultraviolet radiation from reaching the skin. SPF stands for sun protection factor and is the measurement of a sunscreen’s ability to prevent UVB from damaging the skin. Excessive or unprotected exposure to the sun can lead to sunburn, wrinkles, skin degeneration and even skin cancer. It is important that you protect your skin from sun exposure on a daily basis to prevent dangers. There are many different types of sunscreen that are designated by the sun protection factor (SPF), ingredients, resistance to water and whether or not they block UVA or UVB rays. Many sunblocks are also designated by age groups, such as those that are to be used by children, teens and adults. Choosing the correct type of sunblock for your type of skin is important to maintaining a healthy skin. 

Its believed that sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or higher do an excellent job of protecting against UVB, however the numbers do not indicate how much time you can spend in the sun without getting sunburned. It actually means that if it takes 30 minutes for your unprotected skin to start getting red, using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 should protect your skin 15 times longer. A sunscreen with an SPF of 15 has the capacity to filter out 93 percent of all incoming UVB rays. Similarly 97 percent of incoming UVB rays can be kept out by a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 and 98 percent by SPF 50. While the differences might seem to be negligible, it can make a huge difference if someone has a history of skin cancer or if you are light-sensitive. No sunscreen is capable of blocking all UV rays.

Many people are not sure if they should use sunscreen. A sunscreen should be used daily by everyone over the age of six months. Everyone is exposed to ultraviolet radiation for some period of the day, even those who work inside. If someone works near windows, they need to use sunscreen as windows generally filter out UVB but not UVA rays. It is important to know which SPF is right for you. The SPF you choose should depend on how much time you spend in the sun, sunscreens with higher SPF block more rays and enable the user to spend more time outside.


Use high SPF sunscreens on thin-skinned areas such as your nose, ears and backs of hands. It is also good to use on any exposed skin when exploring at high altitude, polar regions or areas of intense sun exposure. If you feel SPF 50 sunscreens feel heavier, greasier or less breathable on skin, then use SPF 30 or higher on sweat zones (arms and legs) and carry a separate tube of SPF 50 or 50+ to touch up thin-skinned areas.

Sunscreen with broad-spectrum protection means that it protects against both UVA and UVB rays. It isn’t enough to just protect against one of the UV rays, because if you protect against UVB rays, you will still get damage from UVA rays and vice versa. Therefore, it is important to select a sunscreen with broad-spectrum protection.

How do you know if your sunscreen is broad-spectrum? Well, skin care companies will usually have the words ‘broad-spectrum’” labeled on their products. However, just because a sunscreen has this label doesn’t mean it protects against 100 percent of all UVA and UVB rays.

Instead of looking for the words ‘broad-spectrum’, it is better to look at a sunscreen’s SPF and PPD. SPF measures how well a sunscreen protects against UVB rays, while PPD (persistent pigment darkening) measures how well a sunscreen protects against UVA rays. Therefore SPF will help prevent sunburns, while PPD guards against photoaging. 

SPF has been in the limelight for some time now and many people erroneously assume that if they use a sunscreen with a high SPF, they are adequately protecting themselves from the sun. However, even if a sunscreen has a high SPF, being well-protected against UVB rays isn’t enough. 

What you really want to know now is which sunscreen you should buy, right? Here are a few safe and effective recommendations that score highest on the EWG scale of best sunscreens and are also paraben-free: Alba Botanica Natural Very Emollient Sunblock, Fragrance Free, SPF 30, All Terrain AquaSport Face Stick, SPF 28, Badger Broad Spectrum Sunscreen, Lavender, SPF 34, Kiss My Face Natural Mineral Sunscreen With Hydresia, SPF 40 and Nature’s Gate Aqua Block Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 50. Use about a shot-glass-size amount, and apply 30 minutes before heading out in the sun. Don’t forget to reapply every two hours and after swimming or sweating. 

There are many benefits of using a sunscreen with both UV-A and UV-B protection. UV-A light is the number one cause of aging and pigmentation. Regular use of sunscreen will keep your skin glowing and young. UV-B light causes tanning and skin cancer so its protection is extremely important. 

A regular sunscreen routine will ensure that your skin stays supple, fresh and healthy. It is highly recommended to use a sunscreen on very sunny days as your skin is highly prone to sun damage during this time.